This page provides details concerning the various state institutions involved in migration management in Georgia.
The Public Service Development Agency (PSDA) of the Ministry of Justice of Georgia is responsible for decision-making on citizenship, statelessness, residence permits and the issuance of documents (residence permits, passports, ID cards, travel documents); civil registration and registration of place of residence; the management of databases, etc.
Moreover, the Agency carries out functions of the Secretariat of the State Commission for Migration Issues (SCMI), which unites all Georgian ministries and agencies dealing with migration issues, including the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Internally Displaced Persons from the Occupied Territories, the Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Affairs, the Ministry of Education, Science, Culture and Sport, the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development, the State Security Service and the National Statistics Office.
International organisations and NGOs operating in the migration field are also invited to SCMI sessions. The SCMI, inter alia, initiates, facilitates and monitors the drafting of legislation in the migration field, including strategic documents; provides a platform for inter-institutional exchange on migration; and monitors the implementation of migration projects.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia (MIA), through its Patrol Police Department, is responsible for the protection of Georgian borders, border crossings by citizens and stateless persons, and the issuance of visas at the state borders on a humanitarian basis. The Migration Department under the MIA is a competent authority in: implementation of readmission agreements and related procedural and organisational issues; detection and identification and removal of aliens staying in Georgia without legal grounds; and management of the Temporary Accommodation Center. Recently, the portfolio related to implementation of state policies on refugees, persons with humanitarian status, and asylum seekers, as well as conducting overall migration control, was reassigned to the Migration Department.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, through its Consular Department, mainly carries out functions related to the visa policy of Georgia. The Ministry is involved in the implementation of the Visa Facilitation and Readmission Agreements and has led the Georgian contingent at joint committee meetings. The Consular Department and the Georgian diplomatic representations are the institutions responsible for the diplomatic and consular protection of Georgian citizens abroad.
Georgian embassies and consulates abroad deal with entry requirements, the issuance and certification of documents, and citizenship and visa issues. They also provide counsel to migrants on the legal aspects of the destination country, protect their rights by raising awareness on existing laws and migration policies in the respective country, and provide other types of assistance.
The Diaspora Relations Department is focused on strengthening diaspora policy, including by maintaining and enhancing contact with Georgians abroad. It also coordinates the collection and analysis of information on the Georgian diaspora.
The Euro-integration Department is responsible for managing multilateral cooperation and related migration issues within the European Union’s Eastern Partnership initiative. It also coordinates cooperation with Member States in the framework of the EU’s Mobility Partnership initiative.